Listing Email From Server [IMAP]
- Updated on 09 May 2013
- 4 minutes to read
Using the Get Email component, a flow can retrieve messages from a mail server. The flow can display the messages in a list on a form or use them in other ways.
The Get Email component is also available for use with a POP mail server.
To enable a flow to download emails from an IMAP mail server, in the Toolbox panel, in the category Communication > IMAP , drag a Get Email component to the workspace and configure its properties in the Properties panel.
Our example flow will retrieve messages from our Gmail account and display the list in a form.
A form to display the email - Form 1 - has already been created for this example.
Begin by navigating to a project folder and clicking the Create Flow button.
Give the flow a name and click OK to open it in the Flow Designer .
The first step that we will add to our flow will retrieve a message header.
In the Flow Designer's startup window, under the category All Steps [Catalog] > Communication > IMAP , we'll select a Get Headers component and click Add to add it to the workspace.
To retrieve message headers, Get Headers 1 must be configured with the appropriate settings for the Gmail server. Most of the following settings are specific to the IMAP protocol. To download messages from a mail server via POP, refer to the article on Downloading Email From a Mail Server [POP] .
Configure Get Headers 1's settings in the Properties panel, in the Inputs section.
To authenticate our connection, enter the password for the email account in the Value fields in the sections Password. To make the connection itself, in the Server section, enter "imap.gmail.com" in the Value field. In the Port section, in the Value field, enter "993". To ensure that your authentication details are kept secure. In the Secure Connection section, select the Value checkbox.
To authenticate the connection, enter the username for the email account in the Value fields in the sections Username.
Once the flow has retrieved a message header, the Get Email component uses the header to retrieve the full message.
In the Toolbox panel, under Communication > IMAP , drag a Get Email component to the workspace.
Configured the step Get Headers 1 , and configure Get Email 1 with similar settings.
The Get Email step also uses a Unique ID. This field works on the assumption that previous steps may output more than one message header, from which we may only want to get a certain category of message. In the Unique ID section, we can select a category by selecting Select Value in the Mapping type drop-down list. To set the path, we click the Path selector.
In the resulting pop-up, we select the path: GetHeaders1_Headers > All UniqueId > First. This path will select the header associated with the first (and, in this example, only) header outputted by Get Headers 1 , when all messages are sorted by their unique identifiers.
Once our flow has retrieved a message, it needs to display that message in a form, which we've already designed.
In the Toolbox panel, under the category Forms [Interaction] > [Current Folder], we drag a Form 1 component to the workspace.
Next, we must map the outcomes of our flow steps.
Get Email 1 offers two possible outcomes - Found and Not Found . In the event that our email account contains no messages, there will be no point in displaying the form, so we will direct our flow to the End Step . If there is an email message, we want to display it in our form. The form also contains a Done button, and when the user clicks it, our flow will be directed to the End Step . In either circumstance, our user's travel through our flow will be completed.
The [Form] Form 1 step displays next to an exclamation mark in a red box indicating an error, as it requires a list of email objects to input.
We select the [Form] Form 1 step and click the Show Mapping Editor link at the top of the Properties panel.
Our mapping consists of a single item - Headers - mapped to our input EmailH . Now click OK to close the Mapping Editor.
This completes our flow. It is now ready to save and test in the debugger.
Because our flow interacts with external systems, we can see the lag time between our flow and Gmail's servers reflected in real-time in our debugger's events and on the Diagram tab. You are presented with a form that displays the details of a single message downloaded from our Gmail account.