Configuring Azure Application Gateway
  • 08 Feb 2024
  • 2 Minutes to read
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Configuring Azure Application Gateway

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Article summary

The following article demonstrates configuring Azure Application Gateway as a load balancer for the Decisions cluster environment.


An Azure account with an active subscription is required.

Create an application gateway

  1. Log in to the Azure Portal

  2. Search for Application gateways in the search bar

  3. From the search results, open the Application gateways. The Load Balancing | Application Gateway dashboard opens

  4. Click on Create to create a new application gateway


  1. Choose the Subscription

  2. Set the Resource Group

  3. Give an Application gateway name

  4. Select the desired Region

  5. Set the Tier to Standard V2

  6. Set the Minimum instance count to 0

  7. Set the Maximum instance count to 10

  8. Enable HTTP2

  9. Choose a Virtual network or Create a new one

  10. Choose a subnet or create a new one

  11. Click Next

Configure Frontends

  1. Select a Public IP address name or give a new one

  2. Click Next

Configure Backends

This allows the users to configure the type of servers and their target IP/Name hosted in a clustered environment.

  1. Click on Add a backend pool

  2. Set the Target Type and target address of the backend servers in the cluster

  3. Click Next

Rule Configuration

Configure HTTPS routing rule

  1. Click on Add a routing rule

  2. Set the Rule name to HTTPS

Adding SSL at the Listener:

  1. Set the Listener name as HTTPS

  2. Set the Protocol to HTTPS

  3. Set the Port to 443

  4. Upload a .pfx certificate file and add the cert password if required.

Configure Backend targets of the Listener:

  1. Click on the Backend targets tab located next to Listener

  2. Choose the Already created backend target

  3. For the Backend Settings, Click on Add new

  4. Set a Backend settings name

  5. Set the Backend Protocol to HTTPS

  6. Set the Backend Port to 443

  7. Set “Backend servers’s certificate is issued by a well-known CA” to Yes

  8. Enable the Cookie-based affinity

  9. Enable Connection draining

  10. Set the Drain timeout to 60 seconds

  11. Set the Request timeout to 600 seconds

  12. Enable Override with new host name

  13. Give the portal base URL of the server in the Host Name

Configure HTTP to HTTPS Redirection rule

Configuring Listener:

  1. Click on Add a routing rule

  2. Set a Rule name to HTTP

  3. Set Listenre name as HTTP

  4. Set the Protocol to HTTP

  5. Set the Port to 80

Configuring Backend targets:

  1. Click on the Backend targets tab located next to Listener

  2. Change the Target Type to Redirection

  3. Set the Target listener to HTTPS

  4. Select Next: Tags and then Next: Review + Create.

Adding Health Probes

Load balancers monitor the status of application servers with a health probe. The health probe adds or removes servers/VMs from the load balancer based on their response to health checks.

If a server were to fail its health check, the load balancer then redirects traffic away from that server until it passes the next health check.

  1. Open the newly created AAG (Azure Application Gateway)

  2. From the left panel, click on Health Probes

  3. Give a Name

  4. Set the protocol to HTTPS

  5. Set the “Pick host name from backend settings” to No and enter the Host Name

  6. Set the “Pick port from backend settings” to Yes

  7. Set the path to /home/healthcheck

  8. Set the Interval to 30 seconds

  9. Set the Timeout to 30 seconds

  10. Set the Unhealthy threshold to 3 seconds.

  11. Set “Use probe matching conditions to Yes

  12. Select the already created Backend settings

Once the health probe is added, it will test the health of the servers, and it should be a green check for all the backend servers, denoting that the servers are healthy.

Test the Application Gateway

As the SSL is added at the front end of the LB, users should be able to hit the configured Fully Qualified Domain Address of the server. e.g.,

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